Indonesia is one of the countries in the world with abundant water resources. As a maritime country, almost 80% of Indonesia territory is water. Hundred of rivers and lakes are spread in almost all regions of Indonesia. But apparently this condition does not make Indonesia free from water problems. According to a study conducted by Unicef in 2012 entitled “Clean Water, Sanitation and Hygiene”, Indonesia has launched a program to increase the supply of clean water and sanitation known as the Millennium Development Goal (MDG), a plan to decrease the amount of water shortages in the population up to half by 2015. To achieve this, Indonesia needs to achieve an increase in access to clean water to 68.9 percent and 62.4 percent for sanitation.
In connection with the MDG discourse, in reality at this time Indonesia is not leading the right path to achieve its goals in improving access to clean water and sanitation. Clean water services in urban areas in Indonesia until the year 2000 reached only 39% or 33 million inhabitants, and in rural areas only 8% or 9 million population, so that if calculated as a whole - only reached 47% or 42 million Indonesian population. This situation illustrates that clean water services have not been felt evenly and enjoyed by most people. Most people still use river water, lakes, water sources, or only rely on rainwater without an adequate filtration process.
Canal (Kanaal = channel, in Dutch) is one of the ways to overcome water problems and make it easier for people to access water. The canal was not used only as a water channel, but also as a transportation route. However, these canal networks are no longer properly maintained and utilized. Shifting modes of transportation, habit of disposing garbage in canals and changing patterns of consumption of the people cause the condition of the canals to get worse.
In a city formed and surrounded by water, water is no longer the main focus and is not even a variable considered in the collection the decisions and daily activities of the people. In the dry season, the city of Pontianak does not safe from drought. This of course raises the question of why drought often even occurs routinely in the middle of this city. Opposite conditions occur when the rainy season arrives.